Browsed by
Tag: philosophy

Thoughts of War and Peace—an Anniversary Observed

Thoughts of War and Peace—an Anniversary Observed

Tides of change are sweeping the earth, and we all feel helpless to withstand its powerful force. Every day there is fresh and depressing news of terrorism, famine, war, deep economic disorders and the like. Shoghi Effendi, the head of the Baha’i faith from 1921-1957 has stated:  “A tempest, unprecedented in its violence, unpredictable in its course, catastrophic in its immediate effects, unimaginably glorious in its ultimate consequences, is at present sweeping the face of the earth. Its driving power…

Read More Read More

Part 6 of Religion – The Most Harmful Agency on the Planet?

Part 6 of Religion – The Most Harmful Agency on the Planet?

The Ideal Time for Religious Triumph The idea of triumphalism – that any particular religion will one day prevail, dispatch the “heretics” and conquer the world – has plagued humanity for centuries.  In his book When Religion Becomes Evil, Dr. Charles Kimball explores the concept of triumphalism, in which some faith groups see the ideal time for their certain triumph as inevitable and desirable: Some religious communities place a great deal of emphasis on a this-worldly hope…. When the hoped-for…

Read More Read More

Aristotle Redux: A Review of Thomas Nagel’s “Mind and Cosmos” Part 3

Aristotle Redux: A Review of Thomas Nagel’s “Mind and Cosmos” Part 3

A Review of Thomas Nagel’s “Mind and Cosmos” Part 3 of a review in three parts by Ian Kluge In part 1 of and part 2 of his review of Thomas Nagel’s controversial new book called Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False, Ian Kluge describes the book as attacking the foundations of modern science on the basis of its inability to explain the nature of the mind. Nagel believes there is a…

Read More Read More

Aristotle Redux: A Review of Thomas Nagel’s “Mind and Cosmos” Part 2

Aristotle Redux: A Review of Thomas Nagel’s “Mind and Cosmos” Part 2

A Review of Thomas Nagel’s “Mind and Cosmos” Part 2 of a review in three parts by Ian Kluge In part 1 of his review of Thomas Nagel’s controversial new book called Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False, Ian Kluge describes the book as attacking the foundations of modern science on the basis of its inability to explain the nature of the mind. Nagel, a philosopher of impeccable intellectual and philosophical credentials,…

Read More Read More

Aristotle Redux: A Review of Thomas Nagel’s “Mind and Cosmos” Part 1

Aristotle Redux: A Review of Thomas Nagel’s “Mind and Cosmos” Part 1

A Review of Thomas Nagel’s “Mind and Cosmos” Part 1 of a review in three parts by Ian Kluge Starting with its title – Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False – Thomas Nagel’s new book sparked controversy and invited attack from the scientific community. How many fingers can one man poke in how many eyes at the same time? In the title alone, he challenges materialism, the materialist-physicalist concept of nature and…

Read More Read More

The Scientific Spirit #5: Bertrand Russell on Good and Evil

The Scientific Spirit #5: Bertrand Russell on Good and Evil

 “Mysticism maintains that all evil is illusory, and sometimes maintains the same view as regards good, but more often holds that all Reality is good. Both views are to be found in Heraclitus: “Good and ill are one,” he says, but again, “To God all things are fair and good and right, but men hold some things wrong and some right.” — Bertrand Russell from Mysticism and Logic and Other Essays, Good and Evil Thus begins Bertrand Russell’s essay on Good…

Read More Read More

The Scientific Spirit #4: Russell on Time

The Scientific Spirit #4: Russell on Time

“The belief that what is ultimately real must be immutable is a very common one: it gave rise to the metaphysical notion of substance, and finds, even now, a wholly illegitimate satisfaction in such scientific doctrines as the conservation of energy and mass.” This commentary of Bertrand Russell, with which he begins his Mysticism and Logic essay segment on Time, contains a number of mind‑boggling ideas: 1) that what is ultimately real must be immutable (whatever that may mean to…

Read More Read More

The Enlightenment Vision of Science and Religion #25: Freedom, Rousseau and Religion

The Enlightenment Vision of Science and Religion #25: Freedom, Rousseau and Religion

God has conferred upon and added to man a distinctive power — the faculty of intellectual investigation into the secrets of creation, the acquisition of higher knowledge — the greatest virtue of which is scientific enlightenment. `Abdu’l-Bahá Apr 29, 2013. Freedom! Freedom! Freedom! The enlightenment theme of freedom resonates as strongly today as it did 250 years. For citizens of the United States – freedom is a core American value. The first amendment of the US Constitution puts it this…

Read More Read More

The Enlightenment Vision of Science and Religion #24: Hume, Skepticism, and Religion

The Enlightenment Vision of Science and Religion #24: Hume, Skepticism, and Religion

God has conferred upon and added to man a distinctive power — the faculty of intellectual investigation into the secrets of creation, the acquisition of higher knowledge — the greatest virtue of which is scientific enlightenment. `Abdu’l-Bahá Apr 22, 2013. According to the `Abdu’l-Bahá – the son and successor of the prophet-founder of the Bahá’í Faith – there are four accepted methods of comprehension. These are sense-perception, reason, tradition, and intuition. None of them is sufficient as a basis for…

Read More Read More

The Enlightenment Vision of Science and Religion #23: Kant and Religion

The Enlightenment Vision of Science and Religion #23: Kant and Religion

God has conferred upon and added to man a distinctive power — the faculty of intellectual investigation into the secrets of creation, the acquisition of higher knowledge — the greatest virtue of which is scientific enlightenment. `Abdu’l-Bahá’ Apr 15, 2013. Immanuel Kant (for the Wikipedia entry, see Kant) is frequently acclaimed the greatest philosopher of modern times, an equal – or near equal – to Plato and Aristotle. One reason for this acclaim was Kant’s powerful and compelling solution to…

Read More Read More